Getting bees

Capturing a swarm is the most common way to start keeping Japanese bees.

3 ways to start keeeping Japanese bees

There are 3 ways to get bees:

  • Capturing a swarm
  • Buying a colony
  • Transferring a wild colony into a hive

Capturing a swarm is the most common way to start keeping Japanese bees.

Wild bees live not only in rural areas, but also in cities. Beekeepers set bait hives and wait for the swarms.

Buying Japanese bee is not common because only a few commercial beekeepers sell Japanese honey bees.

It is quite expensive, ranging from 300 - 700 US Dollars. Hobby beekeepers prefer to keep costs low.

It is also possible to transfer a wild colony into a hive, but it can be quite challenging for beginners.

Attracting a swarm

It can be challenging to get a swarms to enter your hive. Cymbidium floribundum is used to increase the possibility.

The flower of the oriental orchid Cymbidium floribundum is known to attract the Japanese honeybee Apis cerana japonica. This effect is observed not only in workers but also drones and queens. It attracts even swarming and absconding bees.

kinryouhen

Now, it is widely known to attract Japanese bees. Most beekeepers use this flower and place it next to their bait hive.

bait hive and kinryouhen

How does Cymbidium floribundum attract Japanese bees?

Some researchers found that there are chemical components which attract Japanese bee.

Oriental orchid (Cymbidium floribundum) attracts the Japanese honeybee (Apis cerana japonica) with a mixture of 3-hydroxyoctanoic acid and 10-hydroxy- (E)-2-decenoic acid.

Based on these chemicals, some researchers created a substitute product called "Machibako-Lure".

Machibako-Lure is widely used now because it is easier to use. You can buy it, open it, and then attach it to your hive. It attracts Japanese bees up to 45 days.

If you choose to use a Machibako-Lure you do not have to grow Cymbidium floribundum.

90% of swarms are attracted by Cymbidium floribundum or its substitute on "Swarm map"

I developed "Swarm map", a swarm reporting web system on the web.

It allows beekeepers to report swarms and all of reports are shown on map.

Over 1,500 of swarm reports are collected every year.

Beekeepers write what they used to attract swarm when they submit a report.

Cymbidium floribundum or its substitute Machibako-lure is used in around 90% of swarm reports in 2018.

・Machibako-Lure 45%

・Cymbidium floribundum 45%

・Neither 10 %

Machibako-lure launched in the spring of 2013 and it has become popular.

Over 5,000 beekeepers use the product in 2018. This product is great help for beginners because getting bees is most difficult to start beekeeping of Japanese bees.

Skilled beekeepers also use this to increase colonies efficiently.

Transferring wild colonies into a hive

There is another method for capturing bees.

Japanese honeybees build combs in tree, graves, houses, etc.

Several colonies are exterminated.

However instead of exterminating a colony, it can be transferred into a hive.

I use a small Langstroth hive to keep the distance between each comb adequately.

Otherwise, there is a risk of the colony absconding.

Please have a look at the next video. On some occasions I am able to extract over 10 kg of honey.

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